The Tree Hugger Who Inspired Loggers to Lay Their Axes at Her Feet By Living in a Giant Tree for Two Years

The epic story of the woman who saved the last of the redwoods by living at the top of a giant tree 738 days

Twenty years ago, 23-year-old Julia “Butterfly” Hill climbed 200 feet to the top of a 1500-year-old giant sequoia tree in Northern California and refused to come down until a logging company agreed not to chop it down.

She expected they’d give in in about a week. It ended up taking two years.

For 738 days, she traversed the tree’s trunk and branches, never setting foot on the ground.

Her home consisted of two 4×6-foot wooden platforms covered with tarps, one 80 feet above the other.

“Butterfly blithely travels between the two like a gibbon, swinging from branch to branch,” reported the San Francisco Chronicle in 1998, a year into the world’s longest tree-sitting.

She endured one of the harshest El Nino storms in history, was harassed by helicopters, intimidated by loggers and even received death threats.

She spent a good chunk of the time wet, cold and hungry. Volunteers had to hike 2.5 miles up the mountain to deliver food and supplies.

Sometimes “the discomfort and fear left me sobbing in the fetal position,” she wrote in her book The Legacy of Luna.

“One night, the wind blew me three feet sideways with every gust,” Butterfly said in an interview with the Chronicle. “I only made it because I emulated the branches that survived – by yielding to the wind. The ones that resisted broke.”

Teaching loggers how to love

The tree, affectionately named Luna, was one of the few of its kind remaining on the planet, thanks to logging and agriculture, which have wiped out nearly all of the 2 million acres of redwood forest that once covered California.

With over 97 percent of the ancient redwood forests gone, Butterfly understood Luna represented a battle between life and death for the tallest trees in the world — the trees John Muir called “the kings of their race.”

Butterfly was nominated as the tree’s protector at a reggae benefit concert to save a grove of ancient redwoods in Humboldt County.

A group of environmental activists had been rotating tree sitters in and out of the grove every couple of days to stave off Pacific Lumber Company loggers who were clear-cutting. The organizers wanted someone to stay in the tree a week.

“Nobody else would volunteer so they had to pick me,” Butterfly said.

Homeschooled and raised in a camper, the organizers weren’t sure of Butterfly’s credentials at first, but they soon learned she was the perfect woman for the job.

“Formidably articulate and photogenic,” she quickly “metamorphosed into the living emblem of the old-growth advocacy movement,” Glen Martin wrote for the Chronicle.

It didn’t hurt that “she looked like a Vogue model who’d taken up residence in a redwood,” he added.

She used a solar powered phone to serve as an in-tree correspondent, attracting international media attention.

Photo Credit: ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images

“I knew that if I continued to debate politics and science and stayed in the mind instead of the heart and the spirit, it would always be about one side versus the other,” she said. “We all understand love.”

“But how could I convince the loggers to transfer those feelings that they might have for a human being to the forest? And how could I get them to let go of their stereotypes of me? In their minds, I was a tree-hugging, granola-eating, dirty, dread-locked, hippie environmentalist.”




The loggers cursed and threatened her, narrowly missing her as they felled trees around her.

“It was pretty vile,” she says. “They described in great detail all the things they planned to do to me. But I kept trying to engage them in conversation. I sang to them. After a while, they stopped yelling at me.”

Some of the loggers seemed to harbor a grudging respect for her, Martin wrote. One of them even fell in love with her and quit his job.

Butterfly never spoke detail about him, beyond revealing that he ultimately moved to Alaska.

“He was uncomfortable with the media spotlight,” she told Martin. “I will say that there is a lot of beauty in him, and he woke to that.”

Coming Down from the Tree

At the height of her two-year “career,” Butterfly debated Pacific Lumber CEO John Campbell on CNN about a massive mudslide that wiped out seven homes right below Luna in 1996.

“According to the best available science, you can’t say that logging causes landslide,” Campbell argued.

Butterfly took the opportunity to school him on how the root systems of forests hold soil together and retain moisture.

“I told Campbell that I may not have a science degree, but like anyone else, I can figure out that a sponge won’t hold as much water if you cut it in half.”

Finally, after two years of bad publicity, the company agreed not to cut Luna or any redwood within the three-acre grove surrounding it.

Butterfly has since become a reluctant celebrity, with Joan Baez writing a song about her and Neil Young referencing her in his movie. She’s even had a children’s novel written about her:







11 responses to “The Tree Hugger Who Inspired Loggers to Lay Their Axes at Her Feet By Living in a Giant Tree for Two Years”

  1. Brian Rosa Avatar
    Brian Rosa

    Where is she and how is she n I will? She is one in a million. I still have her book and will share with my grandchildren.

  2. Madelon Avatar

    I remember Luna and Butterfly and am still in awe of this dedication and accomplishment .

  3. Diana Oliver Avatar

    Beautiful Luna! Also featured in the multi award winning Hempsters Plant The Seed

  4. Angela Shadbolt Avatar
    Angela Shadbolt

    Beautiful Lady, I had the pleasure of meeting Julia when she stayed in my holiday apartment in Eastbourne, East Sussex, UK. Such a gentle soul can’t wait to read her story. xXx

  5. Monali Khandagle Avatar
    Monali Khandagle

    We can all thank her for awakening us to the plight of the trees and for saving them

  6. Tom Avatar

    Kinda wired how this beautiful story had adds in it for tree removal
    Oh well…
    I remember this in real time

  7. Bluenomad Avatar

    Wonderful lady.
    Full of respect afgh love for her.
    I hope she is well.

    1. Bluenomad Avatar

      …and love…

  8. dismayed Avatar

    Writers must put down their quill pens and realize that loggers have not used axes for years. What she did was very brave.

  9. joey racano Avatar

    show him love joey show him love! Thats what you said to me when a logger was heckling you and I was going to kick his axx Nov 1999